As implied, sexually transmitted diseases refers to the category of diseases which is primarily spread through sexual contact. It is crucial for you to know and understand these conditions. This will ensure that you will be able to recognise any associated medical problem early and seek immediate treatment. In general, most of the pertinent infections are completely treatable or manageable, but they can cause permanent damage if allowed to fester for prolonged periods. Here is critical information on some of the most common sexually transmitted diseases.
Herpes is one of the most contagious STIs because it is spread through skin contact. This means that you can contract the infection without penetrative sex or even when using a condom. The viral strain responsible for most herpes infections is known as HSV-2. The primary symptom of this disease is formation of blisters around the vagina or anus or on the penis. Usually, people are most contagious when these sores are present. Regrettably, there is no cure for herpes, but you can take medication to manage the condition.
Chlamydia is a relatively common bacterial infection, and it is usually transmitted through penetrative sex. However, this infection might also be contracted via oral sex. The early stages of chlamydia are usually asymptomatic; no obvious signs of affliction. In other cases, the signs can be mild, making it difficult to establish the presence of a disease. You should look out for symptoms such as discharge from the penis or vagina, pain in the lower abdomen, general discomfort when urinating and even pain during sex. Chlamydia is easily treated with antibiotics, but your doctor will probably advise you to get retested after the drug regimen.
Syphilis is a considerably complex bacterial infection because its symptoms occur in stages. The most common symptom after contraction is a sore. This can take the appearance of a bump or cut on the anus, penis or vagina. In some cases, sores might appear on the lips or buttocks. If the infection is not treated, the affected individual might develop rashes, genital warts and flu-like symptoms. Tertiary syphilis will develop if the infection is still ignored. The common complications associated with this advanced disease are meningitis, dementia, nerve problems and heart disease. You should consider getting regular tests for the outlined STDs and others such as gonorrhoea, HPV and trichomoniasis in a sexual health clinic. The infections can be asymptomatic, so these checkups will ensure early detection, even without the obvious physical signs.
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